Gender Differences in Mental Health Responses of Health Workers During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis


  • Riyesti Hero Fresna Purwantoro Special Educational School, Wonogiri, Central Java
  • Shinta Nur Atikah Center for Environmental Health Engineering and Disease Control, Yogyakarta
  • Muna Maimunah Salsabila Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta
  • Pringga Widya Pusparini Beautylogica Clinic, Surakarta, Central Java
  • Ratih Hermas Purnasari Ngudi Waluyo University, Semarang, Central Java
  • Riski Anisa Jember University, East Java
  • Feny Oktaviyani Academy of Physiotherapy, Dustira Cimahi Hospital, West Java
  • Ruliany Yuni Nurul Hakim Jasa Kartini Hospital, Tasikmalaya, West Java
  • Muhammad Husein Syawaludin Husein Therapy Family, Surakarta, Central Java
  • Syndia Puspitasari Simpang Lima Gumul Kediri Hospital


Background: The Covid-19 pandemic caused great stress, especially for health workers which resulted in moderate or severe symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and more serious stress. Gender is very influential, given the differences in biological and social roles between men and women. Gender differences between men and women allow for variations in strategies in responding to mental health to increase awareness and self-management, so as to avoid mental health problems during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Subjects and Method: Meta-analysis was performed by searching articles from Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, Springer Link, and health-related databases. The keywords used in the article search were "health workers" AND "covid-19" AND "mental health". The inclusion of the criteria in this study is a full-text article, from 2019-2021, with a study design cross-sectional. The article analysis was carried out using RevMan 5.3.

Results: There were 5 articles analyzed, the results showed no significant difference between gender and mental health responses among health workers during the Covid-19 pandemic (aOR= 1.12; 95% CI= 0.59-2.13; p=0.01).

Conclusion: Not significant between primary studies regarding gender differences in mental health responses to health workers during the Covid-19 pandemic. 

Keywords: health workers, covid-19, mental health

Correspondence: Riyesti Hero Fresna, Purwantoro Special Edu­cational School. Wonogiri Regency, Central Java 57695. E-mail: riyestiherofresna01@g­ Mobile +628­1227831443.

Journal of Health Policy and Management (2021), 06(02): 130-138


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How to Cite

Fresna, R. H., Atikah, S. N., Salsabila, M. M., Pusparini, P. W., Purnasari, R. H., Anisa, R., Oktaviyani, F., Hakim, R. Y. N., Syawaludin, M. H., & Puspitasari, S. (2021). Gender Differences in Mental Health Responses of Health Workers During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Journal of Health Policy and Management, 6(2), 130–138. Retrieved from