Path Analysis on Factors Affecting the Decision to Choose School of Acupuncture
Background: Many universities offer various interesting educational programs. This makes prospective students faced with the situation to choose the programs appropriately according to their interests and talents. Prospective students have different considerations and reasons in choosing and deciding on acupuncture education as a place to continue their education. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence student decision making in choosing acupuncture education in Indonesia.
Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted at Health Polytechnic Ministry of Health Surakarta, Health Polytechnic Soepraoen Malang, and Acupuncture Academy Surabaya, in November 2019. A sample of 300 college students was selected by stratified random sampling. The dependent variable was decision to choose school of acupuncture. The independent variables were aspiration, attitude, career guidance, academic program, tuition fees, college reputation, promotion, facilities, financial assistance, location, and parental support. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis run on Stata 13.
Results: College students who chose school of acupuncture was directly increased by good school reputation (b= 2.37; 95% CI= 0.77 to 3.97; p= 0.004), good career guidance (b= 2.96; 95% CI= 1.35 to 4.58; p<0.001), good education programs (b= 2.46; 95% CI= 0.94 to 3.97; p= 0.001), strong parental support (b= 3.29; 95% CI= 1.75 to 4.83; p<0.001), good financial assistance (b= 3.12; 95% CI= 1.49 to 4.75; p<0.001), good promotion (b= 1.80; 95% CI= 0.34 to 3.26; p= 0.016), low tuition fees (b= 2.48; CI 95%= 0.99 to 3.97; p= 0.001), and supportive location (b= 2.26; 95% CI= 0.85 to 3.66; p= 0.002). College students who chose school of acupuncture was indirectly affected by aspiration, attitude, and facilities.
Conclusion: College students who chose school of acupuncture is directly increased by good school reputation, good career guidance, good education programs, strong parental support, good financial assistance, good promotion, low tuition fees, and supportive location. College students who chose school of acupuncture is indirectly affected by aspiration, attitude, and facilities.
Keywords: decision making, acupuncture education, path analysis
Correspondence: Imrok Atus Sholihah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: email@example.com. Mobile: +6281225210252.
Journal of Health Policy and Management (2020), 5(2): 127-138
Agrey L, Lampadan N (2014). Determinant factors contributing to student choice in selecting a university. Journal of Education and Human Development: 3(2): 391–404. Retrieved from jehdnet.com/journals/jehd/Vol_3_No_2_June_2014/22.pdf
Artini IDAJ, Kirya IK, Suwendra IW (2014). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan mahasiswa dalam memilih jurusan di Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis (FEB) Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha (Undiksha) sebagai tempat kuliah (Factors that influence students' decisions in choosing majors in the Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) Ganesha University of Education (Undiksha) as a place of study). Jurnal Bisma Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Jurusan Manajemen, 2(1): 1–8. Retrieved from http://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JJM/article/view/3386
Aydin OT (2015). University choice process: a literature review on models and factors affecting the process. Yükseköretim Dergisi Journal of Higher Education, 5(2): 103–111. https://doi.org/10.2399/yod.15.008
Eidimtas A, Juceviciene P (2014). Factors influencing school leavers decision to enrol in higher education. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116: 3983–3988. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.877
Fischer S, Barnes RK, Kilpatrick S (2017). Equipping parents to support their children’s higher education aspirations: a design and evaluation tool. Educational Review, 1911: 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2017.1379472
Fitriani Y, Tamtomo D, Sulaeman ES (2016). Path analysis on the determinants of the use of integrated health post and the application of Theory of Planned Behavior. J Health Promot Behav, 1(4): 228–237. http://dx.doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2016.01.04.02
Haron H, Hamid NAA, Jamaludin J, Azan KNK (2017). Students’ decision factors in choosing private higher education institutions. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(11): 1372–1382. https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v7i11/3576
Haryanti, Wijayanto H, Sumarwan U (2016). Analysis of the factors influencing bogor senior high school student choice in choosing Bogor Agricultural University (Indonesia) for further study. Journal of Education and ELearning Research, 3(3): 87–97. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.509/2016.3.3/509.3.87.97
Islam MA, Shoron NH (2020). Factors influencing students’ decision making in selecting university in Bangladesh. Advanced Journal Social Science, 6(1): 17–25. https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss.6.1.1725
James maceachern M, Yun D (2017). Exploring factors influencing international students’ decision to choose a higher education institution: A comparison between Chinese and other students. International Journal of Education Management, 31(3): 343–363. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-11-2015-0158
Jishun J, Mittelman M (2014). Acupuncture: past, present, and future. Glob Adv Health Med, 3(4): 6–8. https://doi.org/10.7453/gahmj.2014.042
Jüttler M, Jüttler A, Schumann S, Eberle F (2016). Work or university? Economic competencies and educational aspirations of trainees with hybrid qualifications in Switzerland. Empir Res Vocat Educ Train, 8(6): 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40461-016-0032-1
Kartika, Budihastuti UR, Pamungkasari EP (2017). Determinants of long term contraceptive method use in madiun, east java: application of social cognitive theory. J Health Promot Behav, 02(04): 313–322. https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2016.02.04.03
Krezel J, Krezel ZA (2017). Social influence and student choice of higher education institution. The Journal of Education, Culture, and Society, (2): 116–130. Https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20172.116.130
Mehboob F (2012). Factors influencing student’s enrollment decisions in selection of higher education institutions (Hei’s). Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(5): 558-568. https://doi.org/ 10.4236/iim.2019.114006
Proboyo A, Soedarsono R (2015). Influential factors in choosing higher education institution: A case study of a private university. Jurnal Manajemen Pemasaran, 9(1): 1–7. https://doi.org/10.9744/pemasaran.9.1.17
Purwanto, Dharmawan R, Demartoto A (2016). Decision to choose acupuncture therapy for degenerative diseases among the elderly at Ja’far Medika. J Health Promot Behav, 1: 128–138. https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2016.01.02.08
Rika N, Roze J, Sennikova I (2016). Factors affecting the choice of higher education institutions by prospective students in Latvia. CBUNI, 422–430. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3238.1848
Rudhumbu N (2017). Factors that influence undergraduate students’ choice of a university: A case of Botho University in. International Journal of Learning and Development, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v7i2.10577
Singe SM, Pike AM, Coleman KA, Myers SL, Barrett J, Belval LN, Rush JL, Katch RK (2019). Doctoral education in athletic training: pursuit of the degree and its influence on career aspirations doctoral education in athletic training: pursuit of the degree and its influence on career aspirations. Athl Train Educ J, 14(2): 99–107. https://doi.org/10.4085/140299
Susilawati W, Alamanda DT, Mustaqim Z, Ramdhani A (2019). Finding the recipe to improve the enrolment rate of higher education institution (HEI) in Garut Regency, Indonesia. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, 8(4): 264–274. Retrieved from http://buscompress.com/journalhome.html
Tsui K, Lee CJ, Hui KS, Chun WD, Chan NK (2019). Academic and career aspiration and destinations: a Hongkong perspective on adolescent transition. Hindawi Education Research International, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3421953
Wu C, Bai H (2014). From early aspirations to actual attainment: the effects on university pursuit. High Educ. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-014-9778-1
Wu Q (2014). Motivations and decision making processes of mainland Chinese students for undertaking master’s programs abroad. Journal of Studies in International Education, 18(5): 426–444. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315-313519823
Yun MJD (2017). Exploring factors influencing international students’ decision to choose a higher education institution: a comparison between Chinese and other students. International Journal of Educational Management, 31(3). https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-11-2015-0158