Path Analysis on Factors Affecting Job Performance of Midwives at Community Health Centers in Mojokerto, East Java

Veterina Rizki Amalia, Hanung Prasetya, Bhisma Murti


Background: Midwives play an important role in reducing maternal and neonatal mor­bidity and mortality. The performance of mid­wives is an important indicator to improve the quality of maternal and child health services. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the performance of midwives.

Subjects and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a community health cen­ter in Mojokerto, East Java, from February to April 2020. A sample of 200 midwives was selec­ted by random sampling. The dependent va­riable was the performance of the midwife. The independent variables were age, income, workload, work motivation, perceived financial compensation, education, employment status, social support, and marital status. The perfor­man­ce of midwives was measured by the 6-DSNP. Other data were collected using a ques­tion­naire. Data were analyzed by path analysis using the Stata 13 application.

Results:The performance of midwives increa­s­ed with age ≥ 42 years (b= 3.19; 95% CI= 1.62 to 4.75; p <0.001), family income ≥ 7 million (b= 3.03; 95% CI= 1.50 to 4.56; p <0.001 ), light workload (b= 2.66; 95% CI= 1.19 to 4.13; p <0.001), strong work motivation (b = 3.32; 95% CI= 1.60 to 5.04; p <0.001), sufficient per­ceived financial compensation (b = 3.96; 95% CI= 1.68 to 4.99; p <0.001). The performance of mid­wi­ves was indirectly affected by edu­ca­tion, em­ploy­­ment status, social support and marital sta­tus.

Conclusion: Age, family income, workload, work motivation, and perceived financial com­pen­sation affect the performance of midwives.

Keywords: performance, midwives, path analy­sis

Correspondence: Veterina Rizki Amalia. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret.Jl. Ir. Su­tami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: +6281359016501.

Journal of Health Policy and Management (2021), 06(01): 21-34


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