User

Contextual Effect of Community Health Center and Sosio-Demography Determinants on the Performance of Community Health Personnel in Karanganyar, Central Java

Mujiran Mujiran, Setyo Sri Rahardjo, Bhisma Murti

Abstract

Background: Community Health Center is a first-level health service facility that organizes public health efforts and individual health efforts. Good health service is supported by work performance of the health personnel. This study aimed to analyze the contextual effect of community health center and socio determi­nants on the work performance of health personnel.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Karanganyar com­munity health centers, in Karanganyar, Central Java, from October to November 2019. A sam­ple of 210 health workers was selected random­ly. The dependent variable was work perform­ance. The independent variables were age, edu­cation, tenure, distribution of services, work motivation, job skills, job satisfaction, health center accreditation status, and work environ­ment. Data were collected by question­naire and analyzed by a multilevel multiple logistic regression run on Stata 13.

Results: Good work performance increased with age ≥38 years (b= 1.09; 95% CI= 0.19 to 1.99; p= 0.018), adequate service (b= 0.96; 95% CI= -0.28 to 2.19; p= 0.128), high motivation (b= 0.93; 95% CI= 0.09 to 1.77; p= 0.030), good job skills (b= 0.97; 95% CI= 0.06 to 1.88; p= 0.037), good job satisfaction (b= 0.92; 95% CI= 0.05 to 1.78; p= 0.037), and good working environment (b= 0.95; 95% CI= 0.11 to 1.80; p= 0.026). Good work performance decreased with education ≥Diploma III (b= -0.40; 95% CI= -1.67 to 0.87; p= 0.535) and tenure ≥3 years (b= -0.71; 95% CI= -1.79 to 0.37; p= 0.199). Community health center had strong contextual effect on work performance with ICC= 18.00%.

Conclusion: Good work performance incre­ases with age ≥38 years, adequate service, high motivation, good job skills, good job satisfac­tion, and good working environment. Good work performance decreases with education ≥Diploma III and tenure ≥3 years. Community health center has strong contextual effect on work performance

Keywords: work performance, health work­ers, contextual effect, multilevel analysis

Journal of Health Policy and Management (2020), 05(03): 162-173
https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpm.2020.05.03.01

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdullah P, Mufti S (2016). Role of health care environments and employee perception: A study on J&K Hospitals, Think India Journal. 22: 16355-16366, Retrieved from https://journals.eduindex.org/index.php/think-india/article/view/17830


Anastasios D, Mufti S (2019). Factors affecting employee performance: An empirical approach, International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management. 68 (1): 188-189. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-01-2018-0012


Apriliyanti S (2017). Pengaruh usia dan masa kerja terhadap produktivitas kerja (Studi Kasus: PT. OASIS Water International Cabang Palembang), Jurnal Sistem dan Manajemen Industri 1 (2):70-71. https://doi.org/10.30656/jsmi.v1i2.413


Damingun (2018). Pengaruh tingkat pendidikan dan masa kerja terhadap kinerja pegawai rektorat Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda, Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Manajemen Univ Muhammadiah Kaltim, 12(1): 15- 16.


Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Karanganyar. (2018). Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Karanganyar. Pemerintah Kabupaten Karanganyar.


Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Karanganyar. (2018). Rencana Strategis Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Karanaganyar 2019 - 2024. Pemerintah Kabupaten Karanganyar


Eide AE, Saether EA, Aspelund A (2020). An investigation of leaders’ motivation, intellectualleadership, and sustainability strategy in relation to Norwegian manufacturers’ performance, Journal of Cleaner Production: 19-20, https://doi.org-/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120053


Fachri H, Zaenudin (2018). Pengaruh tingkat pendidikan, masa kerja, dan usia terhadap etos kerja pekerja harian lepas penebasan pada bidang pertamanan dinas kebersihan dan pertamanan Kota Pontianak, Jurnal Manajemen MOTIVASI, Univ Muhammadiah Pontianak:

-488, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120053


Harahap SS (2019). Hubungan usia, tingkat pendidikan, kemampuan bekerja dan masa bekerja terhadap kinerja pegawai dengan menggunakan metode Pearson Correlation. Jurnal Teknovasi, 06(02):24. Retrieved from https://ejurnal.plm.ac.id/index.php/Teknovasi/article/view/326


Harmiyati L, Kurdi FN, Sulastri (2016). Pengaruh karakteristik dan kapabilitas individu serta karakteristik organisasi terhadap persepsi kinerja perawat Perkesmas di Puskesmas Kota Palembang, 347-348.


Hanafi HM, Ibrahim SB (2016). Impact of employee skills on service performance. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Sudan. 595.


Inuwa M (2016). Job satisfaction and employee performance: An empirical approach. The Millennium University. 1(1): 96-97. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.-net/publication/321966659


Khan AH, Nawas MM, Aleem M, Hamed W (2012). Impact of job satisfaction on employee performance:An empirical study of autonomous Medical Institutions of Pakistan, African Journal of Business Management, 6(7): 2702. https://doi.org/10.14254/2071-8330.2-014/7-1/11


Kim HS, Jang SCS (2020). The effect of increasing employee compensation on firm performance:Evidence from the restaurant industry, International Journal of Hospitality Management. 7-8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2020.102513


Kurniawan HD, Tamtomo D, Murti B (2019). Contextual effect of community health center on patient satisfaction of health care service in Ngawi, East Java. J Health Policy Manage. 4(1): 23–30, https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpm.2019.04.01.03.


Maringan K, Pongtuluran Y, Maria S (2016). Pengaruh tingkat pendidikan, sikap kerja dan keterampilan kerja Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Karyawan PT. Wahana Sumber Lestari Samarinda, Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Universitas Mulawarman, Volume 13, (2):143-145.


Odhiambo MW, Gachoka HG, Rambo CM (2018). Relationship between Age diversity and employee performance of Public Universities in Western Kenya, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(11): 242. http://-hrmars.com/index.php/journals/papers/IJARBSS/v8-i11/4897


Pang K, Lu CS (2018). Organizational motivation, employee job satisfaction and organizational performance An empirical study of container shipping companies in Taiwan, Emerald. 13-16, https://doi.org/10.1108/MABR-03-2018-0007


Pemerintah Kabupaten Karanganyar (2016). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Karanganyar No.3 Tahun 2016 Tentang Upaya Kesehatan Perseorangan, Karanganyar.


Pemerintah RI (2019). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 30 Tahun 2019 tentang penilaian kinerja pegawai negeri sipil, Jakarta.


Peter-Cookey MA, Janamm K (2017). Skill performance in informal economy workers: Multilevel perceptual assessment. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences. 8-9. -https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2017.11.003


Prosvirkina E (2015). Labour productivity and organizational performance of bank in Russia, Journal of Organisational Studies and Innovation 2(3). Retrieved from https://www.re-searchgate.net/publication/322665316


Putri HK, Pribadi F (2018). Pengaruh persepsi karyawan tentang jasa pelayanan dan tunjangan terhadap kinerja karyawan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Panembahan Senopati Bantul, Jurnal Magister Administrasi Rumah Sakit UMY: 7-9. http://repository.-umy.ac.id/handle/123456789/22181


Rakhmahayu A, Dewi YLR, Murti B (2019). Logistic regression analysis on the determinants of stunting among children aged 6-24 months in Purworejo Regency, Central Java. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 4(3):158-169. https://doi.org/10.26911/thejm-ch.2019.04.03.03


Thun JH, Gobler A, Miczka S (2007). The impact of the demographic transition on manufacturing: Effect of an ageing workforce in German Industrial firms, Juornal of Manufacturing Management. 18(8): 995-998. https://dx.doi.-org/10.1108/17410380710828299.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.